Using MITRE ATT&CK in a Security Operations Center (SOC) can greatly enhance threat detection and response capabilities. Here are the steps to effectively utilize MITRE ATT&CK framework in a SOC
Familiarize Yourself with MITRE ATT&CK
- Understand the purpose and structure of the MITRE ATT&CK framework.
- Explore the ATT&CK website (https://attack.mitre.org/) and review the ATT&CK matrix, techniques, tactics, and sub-techniques.
Map ATT&CK to Your Environment
- Identify the relevant MITRE ATT&CK techniques and tactics that align with your organization’s infrastructure, applications, and data.
- Map the MITRE ATT&CK techniques to your existing security controls, such as firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and endpoint protection solutions.
Create Detection Rules
- Develop detection rules and use cases based on specific MITRE ATT&CK techniques and tactics.
- Leverage your security information and event management (SIEM) system or threat intelligence platforms to create rules that trigger alerts when suspicious activities related to specific ATT&CK techniques are detected.
Implement Threat Hunting
- Utilize MITRE ATT&CK as a guide for proactive threat hunting exercises.
- Search for indicators of compromise (IOCs) associated with known ATT&CK techniques and use them to identify potential threats within your environment.
Enhance Incident Response
- Incorporate MITRE ATT&CK into your incident response procedures
- Develop playbooks and response plans that align with specific ATT&CK techniques and tactics to effectively handle and mitigate threats.
Collaborate with Threat Intelligence
- Leverage external threat intelligence sources that align with MITRE ATT&CK.
- Stay updated on the latest threat intelligence reports that reference ATT&CK techniques and tactics.
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How to use MITRE ATT&CK in action
Step 1 : Find what you looking for 🔎
- Find Tactics, technique, Sub-technique or ID
- Example : Scheduled Task/Job: Scheduled Task
- ID: T1053.005
- Sub-technique of: T1053
- Tactics: Execution, Persistence, Privilege Escalation
Step 2 : Learn about it 📖
- Understand ATT&CK
- Familiarize yourself with the overall structure of ATT&CK ****
- Find the behavior
- Find parameters and tools attacker should use to implement the ATT&CK
- Research the behavior / tools
- Search about the technique or Sub-technique on the other resources
- Read Procedure Examples section
- Learn how Groups or tools use the technique or Sub-technique
Step 3 : Defeat it 🗡️
- Mitigations section
- Find the Mitigation
- Detection section
- Find the Detection
Step 4 : Convert TTP to SIEM rule / use case
- Find Detection rule at MITRE CAR project
- Example : Scheduled Task Creation or Modification Containing Suspicious Scripts
- Process and process command line monitoring
- Often collected by Sysmon, Windows Event Logs
- Command, Data Source DS0017 | MITRE ATT&CK®
- Registry monitoring
- A Windows OS hierarchical database that stores much of the information and settings for software programs
- Windows Registry, Data Source DS0024 | MITRE ATT&CK®
- Network Traffic
- such as capturing socket information with a source/destination IP and port(s) (ex: Windows EID 5156, Sysmon EID 3, or Zeek conn.log)
The ATT&CK Navigator is a web-based tool for annotating and exploring ATT&CK matrices. It can be used to visualize defensive coverage, red/blue team planning, the frequency of detected techniques, and more.
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